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HOME CARE

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Preventative

Home Care

 

It is important to note that if you want to optimise your individual oral health, we encourage you to follow our preventative steps and recommendations below. 

Prevention of tooth decay

Tooth decay is one of the leading causes of tooth loss, and its treatment often requires complex dental procedures.

Tooth decay occurs when the acids found in plaque erode the natural enamel found on the teeth.

Prevention of periodontal disease

Periodontal disease is a serious, progressive condition which can cause tooth loss, gum recession and jawbone recession.

Periodontal disease is caused by the toxins found in plaque and can lead to serious health problems in other parts of the body.

Removing plaque and calculus (tartar) from the surface of the tooth using a toothbrush, and from the interdental areas using dental floss, is an excellent way to stave off periodontal problems.

Prevention of halitosis

Halitosis is usually caused by bacteria on the tongue, food particles on or between the teeth, decayed teeth, and periodontal disease.

The bacteria can be removed with regular brushing, flossing, tongue cleaning, and rinsing.

 

Prevention of staining

Staining or the yellowing of teeth can be caused by a wide variety of factors such as smoking, coffee and tea.

The more regularly these staining agents are removed from the teeth using brushing and flossing techniques, the less likely it is that the stains will become permanent.

 

The Proper Way to Brush

The teeth should be brushed at least twice a day; ideally in the morning and before bed.

The perfect toothbrush is small with soft, rounded-end bristles and no more than three months old.

At Bathurst College Dentistry we recommend that you replace your toothbrush a minimum of four times annually or after you've been ill. The head of the brush needs to be small enough to access all areas of the mouth, and the bristles should be soft enough so as not to cause undue damage to the gum tissue.

 

Here is our basic guide to proper brushing

Place the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle where the gums and teeth meet.

Use small circular motions to gently brush the gumline and teeth.

Do not scrub or apply too much pressure to the teeth, as this can damage the gums and tooth enamel.

Brush every surface of every tooth, cheek-side, tongue-side, and chewing surfaces.

 

Place special emphasis on the surfaces of the back teeth.

Use back and forth strokes to brush the chewing surfaces.

Brush the tongue to remove fungi, food, and debris.

 

The Proper Way to Floss

 

Flossing is a great way to remove plaque from the interdental regions (between the teeth).

Flossing is an especially important tool for preventing periodontal disease and limiting the depth of the gum pockets.

The interdental regions are difficult to reach with a toothbrush and should be cleansed with dental floss daily.

The flavor and type of floss do not impact the effectiveness of the process.

Pick floss that tastes good to you and will be easy and pleasant to use.

 

Here is our basic guide to proper flossing

Cut a piece of floss to around 18 inches long.

Wrap one end of the floss around the middle finger of the left hand and the other end around the middle finger of the right hand until the hands are 2-3 inches apart.

Work the floss gently between the teeth toward the gum line.

Curve the floss in a U-shape around each individual tooth and carefully slide it beneath the gum line.

Carefully move the floss up and down several times to remove interdental plaque and debris.

Do not pop the floss in and out between the teeth as this will inflame and cut the gums.

If you have any questions about the correct way to brush or floss, please ask your dentist or dental hygienist.

 

Preventative Home Care Tips

 

A beautiful, healthy smile that lasts a lifetime is our goal at Bathurst College Dentistry when treating patients.

Your personal home care plays an important role in us collectively achieving that goal.

Your personal home care starts by eating balanced meals, reducing the number of snacks you eat, and correctly using the various dental aids that help control the plaque and bacteria that cause dental disease.

 

Here is our basic guide to proper brushing

Place the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle where the gums and teeth meet.

Use small circular motions to gently brush the gumline and teeth.

Do not scrub or apply too much pressure to the teeth, as this can damage the gums and tooth enamel.

Brush every surface of every tooth, cheek-side, tongue-side, and chewing surfaces.

 

Place special emphasis on the surfaces of the back teeth.

Use back and forth strokes to brush the chewing surfaces.

Brush the tongue to remove fungi, food, and debris.

 

Here is our basic guide to proper flossing

Cut a piece of floss to around 18 inches long.

Wrap one end of the floss around the middle finger of the left hand and the other end around the middle finger of the right hand until the hands are 2-3 inches apart.

Work the floss gently between the teeth toward the gum line.

Curve the floss in a U-shape around each individual tooth and carefully slide it beneath the gum line.

Carefully move the floss up and down several times to remove interdental plaque and debris.

Do not pop the floss in and out between the teeth as this will inflame and cut the gums.

If you have any questions about the correct way to brush or floss, please ask your dentist or dental hygienist.

Rinsing

 

It is important to rinse your mouth with water after brushing, and after meals if you are unable to brush.

If you are using an over-the-counter product for rinsing, it is a good idea to consult with us on your next visit to confirm what rinsing product is perfect to aid in your overall oral health.

Oral Hygiene Aids

 

The use other dental aids as recommended by our dentists and dental hygienist include:

Interdental brushes, rubber tip stimulators, tongue cleaners, irrigation devices, fluoride, medicated rinses, etc.

These tools all play a role in good dental home care. Contact us today to schedule an appointment where we can discuss the best and most appropriate hygiene aids to complete your home care.

Call: 416 925–0154 Email: info@bcddental.com

Fluoride Treatment

 

Fluoride is the most effective agent available to help prevent tooth decay.

It is a mineral that is naturally present in varying amounts in almost all foods and water supplies.

The benefits of fluoride have been well known for over 50 years and are supported by many health and professional organizations.

 

How Fluoride Works

 

  • Topical fluoride strengthens the teeth once they have erupted by seeping into the outer surface of the tooth enamel, making the teeth more resistant to decay.

  • We gain topical fluoride by using fluoride containing dental products such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and gels.

  • At Bathurst College Dentistry we generally recommend that children have a professional application of fluoride twice a year during dental check-ups.

  • Systemic fluoride strengthens the teeth that have erupted as well as those that are developing under the gums.

  • We gain systemic fluoride from most foods and our community water supplies.

  • It is also available as a supplement in drop or gel form and can be prescribed by us, if necessary.

  • Generally, fluoride drops are recommended for infants, and tablets are best suited for children up through the teen years.

  • It is especially important to monitor the amounts of fluoride a child ingests.

  • If too much fluoride is consumed while the teeth are developing, a condition called fluorosis (white spots on the teeth) may result.

  • Although most people receive fluoride from food and water, sometimes it is not enough to help prevent decay.

 

Top reasons why we may recommend the use of professional fluoride treatments:

Recent history of dental decay.

Inadequate exposure to fluorides.

Frequent sugar and carbohydrate intake.

Fair to poor oral hygiene habits.

Exposed and sensitive root surfaces.

Deep pits and fissures on the chewing surfaces of teeth.

Inadequate saliva flow due to medical conditions, medical treatments, or medications.

 

Fluoride Notice

Fluoride alone cannot prevent tooth decay. It is particularly important to brush at least twice a day, floss regularly, eat balanced meals, reduce sugary snacks, and visit us on a regular basis.

 

Oral Hygiene Aids

Listed below are some of the most common oral hygiene aids for homecare

 

Dental Flosses

Dental floss is the most common interdental and subgingival (below the gum) cleaner and comes in a variety of types and flavors.

The floss itself is made from either thin nylon filaments or polyethylene ribbons and can help remove food particles and plaque from between the teeth.

Vigorous flossing with a floss holder can cause soft tissue damage and bleeding, so great care should be taken.

Floss should normally be used twice daily after brushing.

 

Interdental Cleaners

Our BCD hygienist and periodontists recommend interdental brushes in addition to dental floss.

These tiny brushes are gentle on the gums and highly effective in cleaning the contours of teeth in between the gums.

Interdental brushes come in various shapes and sizes.

 

Mouth Rinses

There are two basic types of mouth rinse available:

Cosmetic rinses which are sold over the counter and temporarily suppress bad breath, and therapeutic rinses which may or may not require a prescription.

Most dentists are skeptical about the benefits of cosmetic rinses because several studies have shown that their effectiveness against plaque is minimal.

Therapeutic rinses, however, are regulated by the FDA and contain active ingredients that can help reduce bad breath, plaque, and cavities.

Mouth rinses are generally be used after brushing.

Oral Irrigators

Oral irrigators, like Water Jets and Water Pik® have been created to clean debris from below the gum line.

Water is continuously sprayed from tiny jets into the gum pockets which can help remove harmful bacteria and food particles.

Overall, oral irrigators have proven effective in lowering the risk of gum disease and should not be used instead of brushing and flossing.

Professional cleanings are recommended at least twice annually to remove deeper debris.

 

Rubber Tip Stimulators

The rubber tip stimulator is an excellent tool for removing plaque from around the gum line and for stimulating blood flow to the gums.

The rubber tip stimulator should be traced gently along the outer and inner gum line at least once each day.

Any plaque on the tip can be rinsed off with tap water.

It is important to replace the tip as soon as it starts to appear worn, and to store the stimulator in a cool, dry place.

 

Tongue Cleaners

Tongue cleaners are special devices which have been designed to remove the buildup of bacteria, fungi, and food debris from the tongue surface.

The fungi and bacteria that colonize on the tongue have been related to halitosis (bad breath) and a great many systemic diseases like diabetes, heart disease, respiratory disease, and stroke.

Tongue cleaners can be made from metal, wood or plastic and shaped in accordance with the contours of the tongue.

Tongue cleaning should be done prior to brushing to prevent the ingestion of fungi and bacteria.

 

Toothbrushes

There are a great many toothbrush types available.

Electric toothbrushes are generally recommended by dentists because electric brushes are much more effective than manual brushes.

The vibrating or rotary motion helps to easily dislodge plaque and remove food particles from around the gums and teeth.

The same results can be obtained using a manual brush, but much more effort is needed to do so.

Manual toothbrushes should be replaced every three months because worn bristles become ineffective over time.

Soft bristle toothbrushes are far less damaging to gum tissue than the medium and hard bristle varieties.

BATHURST COLLEGE DENTISTRY

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