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Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry specializing in the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of jaw, face, and bite irregularities (malocclusions1).

Orthodontic treatment is provided by an oral health care provider known as an Orthodontist.

Recent years have brought about many advancements within the dental industry, specifically with regards to orthodontic treatment and care.

Now more than ever patients are experiencing fewer incidences of cavities and missing teeth due to the heightened awareness of fluoride use and preventative dentistry.

This increasing awareness on the health and look of a patient’s smile has fueled the desire for many to seek out orthodontia not only as a medical necessity, but for cosmetic reasons as well.

Whether it is traditional braces or custom-made removable appliances, BCD orthodontics can help you have the healthy, straight, beautiful smile you have been waiting for.

To book a smile enhancing orthodontic appointment today,

call – 416 925–0154 or email – info@bcddental.com or

visit our team of highly trained orthodontists at Bathurst College Dentistry ®

474 College Street, Suite 103 Toronto, Ontario M6G 1A4

Malocclusion is the technical term for teeth that do not fit together correctly.

Malocclusions not only affect the teeth, but also the appearance of the face.

Most malocclusions are inherited; however, some are due to acquired habits such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting.

The spacing left from an adult tooth being extracted or an early loss of a baby tooth can also contribute to a malocclusion.

Who Will Benefit from Orthodontics?

Orthodontics is a specialized branch of dentistry that is concerned with diagnosing, treating, and preventing malocclusions (bad bites) and other irregularities in the jaw region and face.

Orthodontists are specially trained to correct these problems and to restore health, functionality, and a beautiful aesthetic appearance to the smile.

Though orthodontics was originally aimed at treating children and teenagers, almost one third of orthodontic patients are now adults.  A person of any age can be successfully treated by an orthodontist.

A malocclusion (improper bite) can affect anyone at any age, and can significantly impact the individual’s clarity of speech, chewing ability and facial symmetry. In addition, a severe malocclusion can also contribute to several serious dental, and physical conditions such as digestive difficulties, TMJ, periodontal disease and severe tooth decay.

It is important to seek orthodontic treatment early to avoid expensive restorative procedures in the future.

What problems can orthodontics treat?

Orthodontics can treat a wide range of dental problems and in most cases, completely realign the teeth.

Orthodontists may work alone, or in combination with a maxillofacial surgeon.

The typical irregularities requiring

orthodontic treatment are as follows:


An overcrowded mouth means there is insufficient space within the jaw for all the adult teeth to fit naturally.

Overcrowding may lead to displaced, rotated or completely misaligned teeth.


An overbite refers to the protrusion of the maxilla (upper jaw) relative to the mandible (lower jaw).

An overbite gives the smile a ‘toothy’ appearance and the chin looks like it has receded.


An underbite, also known as a negative underjet, refers to the protrusion of the mandible (lower jaw) in relation to the maxilla (upper jaw).

An underbite makes the chin look overly prominent.

Developmental delays and genetic factors generally cause underbites and overbites.

How can orthodontics help?

Orthodontic dentistry offers techniques which will realign the teeth and revitalize the smile.

There are several treatments the orthodontist may use, depending on the results of panoramic x-rays, study models (bite impressions) and a thorough visual examination.

Fixed dental braces can be used to expediently correct even the most severe case of misalignment.

These braces consist of metal or ceramic brackets which are affixed to each tooth and an archwire which is used to gradually move the teeth through the duration of the treatment.

Removable appliances include headgear (which consists of a metal wire device attached to customized braces), retainers, Invisalign® aligners (which are almost invisible to the naked eye), palate expanders and tooth movers.

Faceguards are generally used to correct developmental delays in both the upper and lower jaw, and palate expanders are used to combat overcrowding.

Any dental irregularity and any aged individual can benefit from orthodontic procedures used by the exceptional orthodontists at Bathurst College Dentistry ®. We will use our expertise to properly realign the teeth and create a beautiful, timeless smile.


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